Wellington Madumira is the project officer of ZERO, Regional Environment Organisation, (NGO), registered in 1987 to contribute to environment and development solutions in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries. In his stay in Dakar to attend to the international land coalition he spins out the challenges and the feats of this country Zimbabwe.
What are the public policies set up by the government?
Oh they have been trying to improve the living conditions of the citizens since the first Land reform in Zimbabwe which officially began in 1980. The programmer’s targets were intended to alter the ethnic balance of land ownership. But in 2000 there are many reform programs which to allow people to do agriculture in the land. The authorities manage to secure lands. But we are still facing challenges as implementations. Because we have not a bill voted by the parliament yet.
Why implementations are still lagging behind?
Yeah (hesitate) implementations are lagging behind for many reasons. The first thing is due to the luck of finance from the banks. Besides there are others pitfall like the climate change which make complex the questions. But we are looking forward to setting up a new bill to regulate the land in Zimbabwe.
What about the managing of the land, if it is used by the international firms or by the local populations? is moment, I really do not think that there is an international firm running the lands. Most of the lands are being used by the indigenous people.
Comparing to the others countries, can we say Zimbabwe made some progress?
Today we can say there is an important feat. Because before land reform program in 2000, there was not enough water in many areas inhabited by indigenous people, to produce resources. But now many farmers are improving the producers, years by years. This program can steadily secure the life of many people in long term.
Are the local populations are included in these issue (young, women and traditional chiefs)?
Yes! of course in 2009 eight provinces have been visited to discuss about sustainable development with communities. This year they exceed more than thirty. Since, if they are not involved, they can feel be victim of prejudice. That’s why we communicate with all the parties. We have also ties with the government to influence their policies. We work with many congressmen.
Amadou Camara Gueye